'Don't tell me it's safe': Residents of East Palestine express fears about returning after it's revealed there were more toxic chemicals on derailed Ohio train than originally reported and thousands of livestock left dead
February 14, 2023
'We basically nuked a town with chemicals so we could get a railroad open,' Sil Caggiano, a Hazardous Materials Specialist and former Fire Department Chief.
- About 50 cars, including 10 carrying hazardous materials, derailed in a fiery crash in East Palestine on February 3
- Officials conducted a 'controlled explosion' of the highly flammable, toxic chemicals
- Residents now worry about the health effects of these chemicals
Residents of a small town in Ohio fear for their health and safety after huge clouds of toxic chemicals were released in a controlled explosion following a train derailment earlier this month.
About 50 cars, including 10 carrying hazardous materials, derailed in a fiery crash in East Palestine at about 9pm on Friday, February 3.
Homes within a one-mile area were soon evacuated as vinyl chloride was slowly released from five of those cars. Authorities then ignited the gases for a 'controlled release' of the highly flammable, toxic chemicals in a controlled environment, creating a dark plume of smoke seen miles away.
The evacuation orders were lifted last week, with the Environmental Protection Agency reporting the area was safe.
But as residents return to their homes, some are reporting burning sensations and persistent coughs. Local farmers have also claimed that livestock are suddenly dropping dead, as state officials say that more than 3,000 fish across seven and a half miles of streams have died.
It has now been revealed that even more toxic chemicals were on board the freight train than had previously been reported, as the United States Environmental Protection Agency warns that chemicals are continuing to be released 'to the air, surface soils and surface waters.'
THREAD: Photos, videos, and news reports about the train derailment and toxic chemical release in East Palestine, Ohio.— kanekoa.substack.com (@KanekoaTheGreat) February 13, 2023
This may be the largest environmental disaster in U.S. history.
#2 You are looking at a toxic cocktail of deadly chemicals purposefully being burned off in East Palestine after a train derailment.— kanekoa.substack.com (@KanekoaTheGreat) February 13, 2023
Authorities burned off vinyl chloride, which is toxic & carcinogenic, and released harmful & dangerous hydrogen chloride & phosgene into the air. pic.twitter.com/YHmAhRxshi
'Don't tell me it's safe,' Cathey Reese, who lives in Negley, Ohio — just north of East Palestine —told WPXI of Pittsburgh last week. 'Something is going on if the fish are floating in the creek.'
Officials with the Ohio Department of Natural Resources have said that a chemical spill related to the train derailment killed an estimated 3,500 small fish across seven and a half miles of streams.
Meanwhile, one resident of North Lima, more than 10 miles away, said that her five hens and rooster died suddenly after train operator Norfolk Southern burned the cars that were carrying vinyl chloride, a known carcinogen.
And Jenna Giannios, 39, a wedding photographer in nearby Boardman said she has had a persistent cough for the past week and a half.
She has only been drinking bottled water and is uncomfortable using tap water to bathe.
'They only evacuated only one mile from that space, and that's just insane to me,' Giannios, who set up a Facebook page for residents to vent their frustrations, told NBC News.
'I'm concerned with the long-term health impact,' she added. 'It's just a mess.'
Sil Caggiano, a hazardous materials specialist and former fire department chief, also said he was 'surprised' residents were allowed to return home so quickly before all of their homes were tested.
'I would've far rather they did all the testing [first],' he said. 'There's a lot of what ifs, and we're going to be looking at this thing 5, 10, 15, 20 years down the line and wondering, 'Gee, cancer clusters could pop up, you know, well water could go bad.'
He added: 'We basically nuked a town with chemicals so we could get a railroad open.'
A chemical smell still lingers in the area, as some residents refuse to return home.
When the evacuation was announced, the Ohio government released a version of the above map which said that anyone who remained in the red affected area was faced danger of death, and anyone who remained in the yellow impacted area was at a high risk of severe injury, including skin burns and serious lung damage.
Others have taken matters into their own hands, with the managers of the Kindred Spirits Rescue Ranch evacuating 77 of their largest animals, including a yak and a zebu for two days last week.
'We could see the plume come up over us,' founder Lisa Marie Sopko said. 'Our eyes were burning and my face could feel it.'
And the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation is urging its members to get water from their local wells tested immediately.
'There's some level of frustration out there' among farmers, the organization's director, Nick Kennedy told NBC News.
'They just want answers. Their livelihoods might be at stake here.'
#9 Dead fish in Leslie Run coming out of East Palestine, Ohio. pic.twitter.com/E7LdETovqJ— kanekoa.substack.com (@KanekoaTheGreat) February 13, 2023
State and federal officials, though, have denied that there is any threat to the residents and animals in the area.
Authorities had said that chemicals like vinyl chloride and hydrogen chloride had the potential to be deadly, but that risk was mitigated with a controlled explosion last week.
Once that controlled burn was complete, the only risk of coming in contact with the toxins was if they were embedded in the soil, which then had to be dug out, Kevin Crist, a professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering and the director of Ohio University's Air Quality Center told ABC News.
The Environmental Protection Agency has since reported that air and water samples collected in the region were within acceptable limits, and announced Monday evening that it has not yet detected any concerning levels of toxins in air quality.
It has screened 291 homes near the crash site, as well as local schools and the community library, and has not detected any levels of vinyl chloride or hydrogen chloride, officials with the department said.
But as of Monday, 181 homes in the area still need to be tested, as the Columbiana County Health District awaits the results of groundwater testing.
And Andrew Whelton, a professor of environmental and ecological engineering at Purdue University said it is possible that the burn created additional compounds the EPA might not be testing for.
Officials have already said the controlled explosion released toxins like phosgene and hydrogen chloride in large plumes of smoke.
Best video I’ve seen so far #trainderailment #EastPalestine -This is a must watch If your in East Palestine, or the surrounding area. - Follow me for more East Palestine updates like this pic.twitter.com/sjZjLQD21A— Jacob (@RaleighFam) February 7, 2023
Meanwhile, newly-released documents from Norfolk Southern show that more chemicals than were previously reported were being transported on the freight train making its way from Illinois to Pennsylvania.
Among those substances were ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, ethylhexyl acrylate and isobutylene.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that contact with ethylhexyl acrylate, a known carcinogen, can cause burning and irritation of the skin and eyes, while inhalation of the substance can irritate the nose and throat, causing shortness of breath and coughing.
Inhalation of isobutylene can also cause dizziness and drowsiness, while exposure to ethylene glycol mobobutyl ether can cause irritation in the eyes, skin, nose and threat, as well as hematuria (or blood in the urine), nervous system depression, headache and vomiting.
Originally, state health officials were only concerned about the presence of vinyl chloride, a highly-volatile colorless gas produced for commercial uses.
This is going to get worse. https://t.co/I1kCc2XfYy— Catturd ™ (@catturd2) February 14, 2023
Four lawsuits have now been filed against the rail operator, Norfolk Southern, including one which alleges the derailment was caused by negligence. That suit is demanding the railroad operator pay for medical screenings and related care for anyone living within a 30-mile radius of the crash.
Officials have said some of the toxins spilled into the Ohio River near the northern panhandle of West Virginia, causing officials there to shut down water production in the area and transfer to an alternate source of water supply, Gov. Jim Justice said.
He emphasized 'everything is fine here' due to the immediate action from agencies like the state's Department of Environmental Protection and National Guard.
Still, water utility company West Virginia American Water is continuing to enhance its water treatment process as a precaution.
It has also installed a secondary intake on the Guyandotte River in case there's a need to switch to an alternate water source. The utility noted that there hasn't been any change in raw water at its Ohio River intake.
'The health and safety of our customers is a priority, and there are currently no drinking water advisories in place for customers,' the company said in a statement.
Three more dangerous chemicals discovered on the Norfolk Southern train that derailed in East Palestine, Ohio.— Citizen Free Press (@CitizenFreePres) February 13, 2023
“We basically nuked a town with chemicals so we could get a railroad open,” said Silverado Caggiano, a hazardous materials specialist. pic.twitter.com/NF6rA2XIBr
A town hall has been scheduled for Wednesday night to allow East Palestine residents to ask questions about the effects of the derailment. Mayor Trent Conaway announced on Sunday.
In the meantime, experts recommend residents take part in at-home air screenings offered by the EPA.
Karen Dannemiller, a professor at Ohio State University, also recommends residents wipe down surfaces — especially those that collect dust, and wash items that absorb smells, such as bed sheets and curtains.
She also advises vacuuming carefully try to prevent contaminants from moving into the air, noting to NPR that air cleaners and face masks are likely no match for the hazardous chemicals.
The dangerous chemicals released in the East Palestine train derailment
A train carrying a wide-variety of toxic chemicals derailed in East Palestine, Ohio on February 3.
Some of those chemicals have since been released into the air or soil, as residents worry about the long-term health effects.
Among the chemicals released from the derailment are:
Vinyl chloride — train operator Norfolk Southern has said that 10 cars were burning vinyl chloride, a known carcinogen. It is a highly-volatile colorless gas used to create polyvinyl chloride, a plastic used in piping, cables, bottles and credit cards.
Symptoms of vinyl chloride exposure includes drowsiness, headaches and dizziness. More long-term effects may include cancer and liver damage.
Hydrogen chloride — In trying to mitigate the effects of vinyl chloride, officials conducted a controlled explosion of the train cars, releasing hydrogen chloride.
The chemical is irritating and corrosive to any tissue it gets in contact with, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warns.
Brief exposure can cause throat irritation, but exposure at higher levels can result in rapid breathing, narrowing of the bronchioles, blue coloring of the skin, accumulation of fluid in the lungs and even death.
Phosgene — a chemical that was also released in the controlled explosion.
Like hydrogen chloride, phosgene is an irritant to the skin, eyes and respiratory tract.
Common initial symptoms include mild irritation of the eyes and throat, with some coughing choking, nausea, occasional vomiting, headache and a feeling of tightness in the chest.
Phosgene poisoning may also cause respiratory and cardiovascular failure, low blood pressure and an accumulation of fluid in the lungs.
Ethylhexyl acrylate — a chemical that was carried on the train
It is a known carcinogen, that can cause burning and irritation of the skin and eyes. Inhalation of the substance can also irritate the nose and throat, causing shortness of breath and coughing.
Isobutylene was also being transported on the train.
Inhalation of isobutylene can cause dizziness and drowsiness
Ethylene glycol mobobutyl was another substance being transported to Pennsylvania.
It can cause irritation in the eyes, skin, nose and threat, as well as hematuria (or blood in the urine), nervous system depression, headache and vomiting.
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